FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTERS
Exploring Computers and Their Users:
An Overview of Computer System: Define Computer- Computers for Individual Users – Computer for organizations- Importance of computers.
Inside the Computer System
Describe the Machine- Parts of a Computer System – Hardware, Software, Data, and Users – Information Processing cycle – essential Computer Hardware – Processing Devices- Memory Devices- Input /Output Device- System software – application Software.
Input Devices : The Keyboard , The mouse, The track ball, Scanner. Output Devices: Monitors – CRT monitors , Flat Panel Monitors ; PC projectors Sound Systems –Audio & Video devices (Multi-Media Device) ; Hard copy devices – Dot matrix printers , Ink Jet Printers , Laser Printers , Plotters.
Processing Data : How Computer process data- Data representation, and Data processing in a computer
.Modern CPU’s: Microcomputer Processors- Intel , AMD, Freescale, IBM processors-Types of Processors- RISC Processors,- Connecting computer to other devices – The Bus, Serial and Parallel ports , SCSI , MIDI
, and other specialized expansion ports, Expansion slots and boards.
Storing Information in a Computer : Magnetic Disks – hard disk , Floppy disk, Optical Storage devices – CDROM , DVD ROM , CD – Recordable , CD – Rewritable.
How to Build a Computer: Knowing Computer Hardware Parts – Cataloging and purchasing the parts – Assembling the System –The first Boot –Installing Software – Maintenance of Computer
1. Peter Norton , Introduction to Computers , 6th Edition , Tata McGraw – Hill , 2008 .
2. Jacob Beckerman , How to Build a Computer 2014-15: Learn, Select Parts, Assemble, and Install: A Step by Step Guide to Your First Homebuilt.
1. Leon A and Leon M, Computers for Everyone , Leon Vikas , 2001 .
2. Turban E, Rainer R K , and Potter R E , Introduction to Information Technology , John Wiley & Sons , 2000.