Thursday, 5 March 2015

Introduction to MIS


  The concept of the MIS has evolved over a period of time comprising many different facts of the organizational function. MIS is a necessity of all the organizations.

 The initial concept of MIS was to process data from the organization and present it in the form of reports at regular intervals.

 The system was largely capable of handling the data from collection to processing. It was more impersonal, requiring each individual to pick and choose the processed data and use it for his requirements.

 This concept was further modified when a distinction was made between data and information.

 simply the data is the processed, from the data. the data is the raw bits or observations.

MIS supports the management of the business in each phase by giving the information which is crucial in that phase.

The primary objective of MIS is for decision making and is  to develop the organizations.
      The Management Information System (MIS) is a concept of the last decade or two. It has been understood and described in a number ways. It is also known as the Information System, the Information and Decision System, the Computer- based information System.

      The MIS has more than one definition, some of which are give below.

      1. The MIS is defined as a system which provides information support for decision making in the organization.

      2. The MIS is defined as an integrated system of man and machine for providing the information to support the operations, the management and the decision making function in the organization.

      3. The MIS is defined as a system based on the database of the organization evolved for the purpose of providing information to the people in the organization.

      4. The MIS is defined as a Computer – based Information System.

      In order to get a better grip on the activity of information processing, it is necessary to have a formal system which should take care of the following points:

       Handling of a voluminous data.

       Confirmation of the validity of data and transaction.

       Complex processing of data and multidimensional analysis.

       Quick search and retrieval.

       Mass storage.

       Communication of the information system to the user on time.

       Fulfilling the changing needs of the information.

      The management information system uses computers and communication technology to deal with these points of supreme importance.

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